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The National Flag

Mexico National FlagMexico Coat of ArmsMexico's National flag, adopted in 1821, has three vertical stripes of equal width, from left to right: green (symbolizing unity and hope), white (for religion and purity), and red (for independence and union). The country's coat of arms is in the center of the middle white stripe. The coat of arms represents the legend of Aztec Indians who built their capital, Tenochtitlan, on the site that is now occupied by Mexico City. The coat of arms shows an eagle perched upon a nopal cactus devouring a snake. The legend tells that the Aztecs were told to build their city on the site where they saw an eagle perched on a cactus eating a snake.

The National Flower

Mexico National Flower - Dahlia Pinnata Mexico's National Flower is the Dahlia pinnata. Dahlias originated from the mountainous regions of Mexico and Central America and Colombia. Dahlia pinnata is a genus of bushy, summer and autumn flowering plant. Dahlia pinnata flowers are species having tuberous roots and showy rayed variously colored flower heads.

The National Anthem

Mexico Anthem MP3 can be played
Click on above image to play or download an MP3 file of the anthem.

A contest was commissioned in 1853 to choose lyrics and music for a national anthem. The contest rules published on November 12, 1853 stated: "so that a truly patriotic song can be adopted by the government as the permanent national anthem".

The jury chose as the winning lyrics a composition by Francisco González Bocanegra, a poet from San Luis Potosí. The music however was not popular with the public so another contest was held to choose the music for Bocanegra's lyrics.

Fifteen compositions were received and one chosen entitled "God and Liberty". The composer was identified only as J.N. An advertisement was published asking that the composer come forward and on August 12, 1854 he was identified as Jaime Nunó, a Catalan musician who was directing military bands at Santa Anna's invitation.

The national anthem debuted on September 15, 1854 in the Santa Anna Theater, shortly thereafter named the National Theater. After 1854 the lyrics were adjusted to reflect the political changes in the country. The anthem is sometimes referred to unofficially as "Mexicanos, al grito de Guerra" ("Mexicans, at the cry of war"). It consisted of ten verses and a chorus. As adopted in 1943 the full anthem is 1st stanza, 5th stanza, 6th stanza and 10 stanza and chorus. The official lyrics are as follows:

Mexicanos, al grito de guerra
el acero aprestad y el bridón.
Y retiemble en sus centros la tierra,
al sonoro rugir del cañón.
¡Y retiemble en sus centros la tierra,
al sonoro rugir del cañón!
Mexicans, at the cry of war,
make ready the steel and the steed,
and may the earth tremble its centers
at the resounding roar of the cannon.
And may the earth tremble its centers
at the resounding roar of the cannon.
Estrofa I:
Ciña ¡oh Patria! tus sienes de oliva
de la paz el arcángel divino,
que en el cielo tu eterno destino
por el dedo de Dios se escribió.
Mas si osare un extraño enemigo
profanar con su planta tu suelo,
piensa ¡oh Patria querida! que el cielo
un soldado en cada hijo te dio.
First Stanza:
Let gird, oh country, your brow with olive
by the divine archangel of peace,
for in heaven your eternal destiny
was written by the finger of God.
But if some enemy outlander should dare
to profane your ground with his step,
think, oh beloved country, that heaven
has given you a soldier in every son.
Estrofa V:
¡Guerra, guerra sin tregua al que intente
De la patria manchar los blasones!
¡Guerra, guerra! Los patrios pendones
En las olas de sangre empapad.
¡Guerra, guerra! En el monte, en el valle
Los cañones horrísonos truenen,
Y los ecos sonoros resuenen
Con las voces de ¡Unión! ¡Libertad!
Stanza V:
War, war without quarter to any who dare
to tarnish the country's coat of arms!
War, war! Let the national banners
be soaked in waves of blood.
War, war! In the mountain, in the valley,
let the cannons thunder in horrid unison
and may the sonorous echoes resound
with cries of Union! Liberty!
Estrofa VI:
Antes, patria, que inermes tus hijos
Bajo el yugo su cuello dobleguen,
Tus campiñas con sangre se rieguen,
Sobre sangre se estampe su pie.
Y tus templos, palacios y torres
Se derrumben con hórrido estruendo,
Y sus ruinas existan diciendo:
De mil héroes la patria aquí fue.
Stanza VI:
Oh country, ere your children, defenseless
bend their neck beneath the yoke,
may your fields be watered with blood,
may they leave their footprints in blood.
And may your temples, palaces and towers
collapse with horrid clamor,
and their ruins continue on, saying:
Of a thousand heroes, this country was.
Estrofa X:
¡Patria! ¡Patria! Tus hijos te juran
Exhalar en tus aras su aliento,
Si el clarín con su bélico acento
los convoca a lidiar con valor.
¡Para ti las guirnaldas de oliva!
¡Un recuerdo para ellos de gloria!
¡Un laurel para ti de victoria!
¡Un sepulcro para ellos de honor!
Stanza X:
Oh, country, country, your children swear to you
to breathe their last for your sake,
if the bugle with its warlike accent
should call them to fight with courage.
For you the olive wreathes!
A memory for them of glory!
For you a laurel of victory!
A tomb for them of honor!
Aquatic Sports and Adventures
Address: Privada Los Naranjos #30, Santiago, Manzanillo, Colima, Mexico  28860
Phone in the USA direct to the shop in MX: 909-266-0271
Phone Internationally to MX: 011-52-314-334-6394
Phone from MX: 314-334-6394
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