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General information, statistics on Mexico

General information - Updated June 2013

Capital: Mexico City
Official language: Spanish with roughly 7% using Nahuatl, Maya, Zapotec, or another American Indian language.
Official name: Estados Unidos Mexicanos (United Mexican States).
National anthem: "Himno Nacional de Mexico" "National Anthem of Mexico").
Population in 2010: With an estimated population of 112,336,538 Mexico is the eleventh most populous nation in the world.
Largest cities, 2012: Mexico City (8,591,309); Guadalajara (1,797,600); Ecatepec (1,688,600); Netzahualcoyotl (1,430,800); Puebla (1,308,700)

Land and climate

Land: Mexico lies in North America, bordered by the United States on the north and by Guatemala and Belize on the southeast. On the east is the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. The Pacific Ocean lies to the west and south. There is a chain of high volcanic mountains extending east-west across southern Mexico, just south of Mexico City. Other, lower mountain chains extend northwestward from each end of the volcanic chain, which forms a great U-shape of mountains. Much of north-central Mexico is a high plateau rimmed by these mountain ranges. The Pacific Coast in the far south is rugged and has densely forested areas. The long peninsula of Baja California in the northwest is mostly desert with some mountains. The Yucatán Peninsula in the southeast is flat and forested. Mexico's chief rivers are the Rio Grande (at the U.S. border) and the Balsas.

Area: Mexico is about three times the size of Texas or about 1/5th the size of the USA. 756,066 mi.² (1,958,201 km.²). Greatest distances-north-south, 1,250 mi (2,012 km); east-west, 1,900 mi (3,060 km). Coastline-6,320 mi (10,170 km).

Elevation: Highest-Pico de Orizaba (also called Citlaltepetl), 18,410 ft (5,610 m). Lowest-near Mexicali, 33 ft (10 m) below sea level.

Climate: Northwest and north-central Mexico is mostly desert, with hot summers and cool to mild winters. The northeast coast has moderate rainfall with mild winters and warm summers. Central Mexico is dry, with temperatures varying according to altitude. High locations, such as Mexico City, have mild temperatures the year around. Low-altitude locations are warmer. Southern Mexico, including Yucatán, is warm and moist the year around.


Form of government: Federal republic.
Chief executive: President (elected to 6-year term).
Legislature: Congress of two houses-128-member Senate and 500-member Chamber of Deputies.
Judiciary: Highest court is the Supreme Court of Justice.
Political subdivisions: 31 states, 1 federal district.


Population: Current estimate-110,915,000. 2000 census-97,483,412.
Population density: 147 per mi2 (57 per km.²).
Distribution: 76 percent urban, 24 percent rural.
Major ethnic/national groups: Almost entirely Mexican. Most Mexicans are of mixed American Indian and Spanish ancestry; some are entirely Indian or entirely of European descent; a few have partly black or East Asian ancestry.

Major religions:

More than 85 percent Roman Catholic; some Protestants, Jews, and American Indian religions.


Chief products: Agriculture-avocados, bananas, barley, beans, coffee, corn, cotton, lemons, mangoes, oranges, potatoes, sorghum, sugar cane, tomatoes, wheat. Manufacturing-chemicals, iron and steel, motor vehicles, processed foods. Mining-copper, gold, lead, natural gas, petroleum, salt, silver, sulfur, zinc.


Basic unit-Mexican peso. One hundred centavos equal one peso.
Foreign trade: Major exports-electrical machinery, motor vehicles, telecommunications equipment. Major imports-electric and electronic equipment, industrial machinery, motor vehicles. Major trading partners-China, Germany, Japan, United States.

Aquatic Sports and Adventures
Address: Privada Los Naranjos #30, Santiago, Manzanillo, Colima, Mexico  28860
Phone in the USA direct to the shop in MX: 909-266-0271
Phone Internationally to MX: 011-52-314-334-6394
Phone from MX: 314-334-6394
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