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Mexico

The People of Mexico
Regions and States
National Flag, Flower, Anthem
Statistics, Demographics
General Calendar of Holidays

Summary

The country known as the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), commonly known as Mexico, is a federal constitutional republic. Mexico shares borders with the United State on the north; the Pacific Ocean on the south and west; Guatemala, Belize and the Caribbean Sea on the southeast and the Gulf of Mexico on the east. Covering almost 2 million square kilometers (about 3 times the size of Texas), Mexico is the fifth-largest country in the Americas by total area and the 14th largest independent nation in the world. It is the 11th most populous country. Mexico is a federation comprising thirty-one states and a Federal District, the capital city.

Map of Mexico Compared to USA States

Map of Mexico Compared to USA States

The population of the area of Mexico has seen the growth and disappearance of some important civilizations. For 3-4000 years before the Mayflower made its way to the New England coast of the USA a multitude of these civilations had already left a mark on Mexico. These included splendid cities, sophisticated calendars, and great arts. This while the Essenes were hiding the Dead Sea Scrolls and most of Europe was still savage backwoods.

While much of the remote past is still shadowy, a great amount of work has put together glimpses of these civilizations. These were complex cultures that matured into advanced civilizations, with names you would recognize, such as the Olmec, the Toltec, the Teotihuacan, the Maya and the Aztec. All of this before the first contact with Europeans.

Mexico became a colony of Spain from the landing of Hernán Cortés in 1521 until its independence in 1821. This 300 year rule not only saw the collapse of the existing civilizations but the virtual destruction of the cultures of the Indians all over Mexico. The post-independence period saw economic instability, civil war, foreign intervention, two empires and two domestic dictatorships. The latter led to the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which produced the 1917 Constitution and the beginning of the country's current political system. Elections held in July 2000 marked the first time that an opposition party won the presidency from the Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional, PRI).

As a regional power and the only Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) since 1994, Mexico is firmly established as an upper middle-income country, considered as a newly industrialized country with a rapidly developing economy ranked by the World Bank as the the 12th largest economy in the world. The economy is strongly linked to those of its North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners.

Mexico With State Names

Map of States of Mexico

Aquatic Sports and Adventures
Address: Privada Los Naranjos #30, Santiago, Manzanillo, Colima, Mexico  28860
Phone in the USA direct to the shop in MX: 909-266-0271
Phone Internationally to MX: 011-52-314-334-6394
Phone from MX: 314-334-6394
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